The Lost Kingdom of Siam, Sukhothai
I love Thailand and as well as thai people. But when I visited Thailand for first time, my mind wasn’t satisfied seeing at today’s Thailand, specially Krung Thep (Bangkok), recent capital. I read a lot about thai people before heading their land, so my mind was seeking for something very authentic things, kinda like roots of this civilization. Anyway I gathered some info about some old parts of Thailand, and I caught up a train to reach there. It was nothing but the great kingdom Sukhothai, the first free capital of Siam. Sukhothai was the dream of thai people, as I realized looking at the ruins and old sculptures. It’s a place where everything started in Thailand. It’s place where Thai alphabets had been created, it’s a place where “Theraveda Buddhism” came as the role religion. Sukothai filled up my queries about thai people. I got many seeking answers about Thai Kingdom. I took a cycle and round around the whole town day and night. Many things came in my sight which helped me to complete the journey of my Thai Diary. I viewed many amazing places there like The Royal Palace, WatMahathat, The Ramkhamhaeng National Museum, The Ramkhamhaeng Monument, Wat Si Sawai, WatTraphangNgoen, WatTraphang Thong, Wat Chana Songkhram, Wat Sa Si, Wat Mai etc.
So I realized the importance of history to know real Thailand. Today Thailand is beautiful, because their base is so creatively perfect. Anyway let me tell you some short historical description about this lost capital.
Sukhothai, meaning the Dawn of Happiness, was a town founded in the 13th century on the fringe of the Khmer empire. The exact year is unknown, but according to the fine arts office it was between 1238 and 1257. Founded by Phokhun Si Intharathit, it was the first truly independent Thai (Siamese) Kingdom after defeating the Khmers. Sukhothai enjoyed a golden age under their third king, King Ramkhamhaeng, who was credited with creating the Khmer-derived Thai alphabet which is essentially the same as that in use today. He also laid the foundation for politics, the monarchy and religion, as well as expanding its boundary of influence. Sukhothai was later ruled by many kings. The province is most famous for the historic city of Sukhothai, the capital of the Sukhothai kingdom. It is located about 12 km from the modern New Sukhothai city. Not far from Sukhothai are the Si Satchanalai historical park and the Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park. Both were cities within the former Sukhothai kingdom and of the same time period. The province was at first known as Sawankhalok; it was renamed to Sukhothai in 1939.
So when you will come Thailand, just get a bus and train from Bangkok and arrive in this old kingdom to know the real Thai people’s heart. There are lots of buses and trains are leaving towards Sukhothai from Bangkok every single day.